The Mennonites who left the Soviet Union in 1929 should probably be regarded as people whose journey began as emigrants but ended in a nightmare as refugees. About 14,000 made it. Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) raised about $100,000 (US) for their resettlement in South America. Ultimately 5,769 did find new homes in the following countries: Brazil - 2,533; Paraguay - 1,572; Canada - 1,344; Argentina - 6; Mexico - 4; USA - 4; Germany - 306. (from “Refugees” Canadian Mennonite Encyclopaedia online: http://www.mhsc.ca)
Ship Lists have been located for 4 ships from the German refugee camp in Moelln that transported some 1435 people to Paraguay. Reference materials and the discrepancy in total given above suggest that there was a 5th Transport but that list has not yet been located.
These ship lists are found in the Mennonite Central Committee Archives Collection (IX) located in the Mennonite Church USA Archives, 1700 South Main Street, Goshen, Indiana 46526 (who have kindly granted permission to post the lists on the MMHS site) ; Web: http://www.goshen.edu/mcarchives. Within the MCC Collection, these lists are located in the Harold S. Bender files, in the section on Russian Relief and Paraguayan Immigration (Catalogue # IX-3-1). The four Paraguayan Transports lists are found in Box 2, File 2 entitled "Transport Lists and Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1930". Harold S. Bender was personally involved in assisting this emigration, 1929-30, on behalf of Mennonite Central Committee. An inventory of the MCC files for this section is available upon request.
The columns are as follows:
Dorf: It appears that the refugee camp at Moelln was arranged in villages or “dorf’s” and passengers are listed as being from a particular refugee village.
Lfd #: The (original) list number for the individual arranged by village (dorf)
Transport Family Number: Each family has been given a number (not on originals). The first number indicates the Transport on which they sailed and the second number is the family number (i.e. 3.61 indicates family 61 who sailed on Transport 3). In some cases additional individuals are included with family units but the connection is not always obvious.
Heimat, Kries, Dorf, Post: These indicate the location in Imperial Russia from which the family originated. No changes have been made from the original hand written or typed Transport lists even where it appears to be in error.
Transport #1 SS Bayern, sailed March 15, 1930
Transport #2 SS General Belgrano sailed April 16, 1930
Transport #3 SS Sierra Cordoba sailed May 11, 1930
Transport #4 SS Villagarcia sailed July 12 1930
Combined list of all transports in alphabetic order by family surname and by family transport number, (636 K)