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Q1: What and where was Prussia? Q2: What about the kings in Germany? Q3: Who were the Prussian kings? Q4: What were the administrative areas of Westpreussen (West Prussia)? Q5: What were the "old" administrative areas of West Prussia? Q6: What were the court districts in Westpreussen before 1900? Q7: Are there secular records of interest to family researchers? Q8: Is there a listserv for West Prussia family researchers? Q9: How do I find locations and maps for Westpreussen before 1945? Q10: What books discuss hints and sources for East German searchers? Q11: How many Mennonites lived in Westpreussen (West Prussia)? Q12: Is there a website which has Prussian Mennonnite records posted? Q13: Where can I get information on archives in Poland? Q14: What was the religion of people in Westpreussen (West Prussia)? Q15: What were the land measurements in Prussia? Q16: How do you pronounce place names? Q17: What were the classes of country people before 1900? Q18: When were civil registers introduced? Q19: Are there links to dictionaries on the web? Q20: Where do I look for emigration records? Q21: Is there a genealogical society specializing in this area? Q22: What information is available on ethnic cleansing? Q23: What information is available at GStAPK in Berlin-Dahlem?
Q1: What and where was Prussia? A1: The answer depends on the time frame: 1) pre-1806 2) 1806-1871 3) 1871-1918 and later. 1a) Prussia was a region which before 1772 consisted of what was later known as East Prussia (Ostpreussen) with capital of Königsberg, a duchy since 1525, a kingdom of the Hohenzollern dynasty since 1701 and West Prussia (Westpreussen) with the Hanseatic cities of Danzig, Elbing, Thorn, and Culm, part of Poland referred to as Polish Prussia before 1772. The German literture refers to East and West Prussia as Old or Original Prussia (Altpreussen). 1b) In 1772 King Friedrich II of Prussia annexed Polish Prussia (without the Danzig Territory) calling it West Prussia (Westpreussen) and united it with East Prussia. In 1793 King Friedrich Wilhelm II also annexed the Danzig and Thorn Territories, and 1793/1795 larger areas of Poland which were called South Prussia (Südpreussen) and New East Prussia (Neu-Ostpreussen). The kingdom of Prussia at this time was not part of Germany. Königsberg was capital and coronation city of the Prussian kings. Terms like German government or German army have no meaning for this time period. 2) In 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Europe and abolished the German empire and the title of Kaiser for Germany (capital:Wien or Vienna). The Kaiser in Wien-Vienna became Kaiser of Austria with no power in the rest of Germany. After Napoleon's final defeat in 1815 the kingdom of Prussia became known as "Die Vereinigten Preussischen Staaten" (United Prussian States) which now also included provinces like Schlesien/Silesia, Brandenburg,Pommern/Pomerania and areas as far west as the Rhine province. Berlin now became the Prussian capital. Until 1806 the Hohenzollern sovereign had many titles and hats from Head of the Evangelic Church to King, Elector, Grandduke, Duke for the various regions and realms under his rule. After 1806 he simply was King of Prussia. Terms like German government or German army have no meaning for this time period until 1871. Note: West Prussia geographically was NOT in the western part of 19th century Prussia. 3) In 1871 Germany as an empire with a Kaiser was reestablished with Berlin as the capital of Germany and Prussia and with the Prussian king also having the title of German Kaiser. All monarchies in Germany were abolished in 1918, Prussia was declared defunct in 1947 by the Allied victors. The original (East and West) Prussia was cleansed of its ethnic German population and given to Poland and Russia. The Western powers were silent on the ethnic cleansing of original Prussia and Eastern Germany resulting in 12 millions of German refugees. Q2: What about the kings in Germany? A2: Before 1806 Germany was one kingdom and empire with one Kaiser and one king who resided in Wien (Vienna). He was elected by the collegium of Kurfürsten (electors) who in 1800 were the 3 archbishops of Köln (Cologne), Mainz and Trier and the 4 secular electors of Rhine-Pfalz, Brandenburg, Sachsen(Saxony), and Böhmen(Bohemia). The electors of Brandenburg and Sachsen had also ambitions to acquire the title of king. Since they could not acquire this title inside Germany they succeeded outside Germany: Brandenburg by declaring themselves "King in Prussiä at Königsberg in 1701, Sachsen by getting elected as King of Poland in 1697. The Kaiser in Wien was powerless to prevent this ploy. By 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte changed all that. Germany no longer was a kingdom and empire. The titles of Kurfürst (elector) became meaningless and was abolished and changed to Kings of Bohemia, Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, Württemberg, and Hannover by Napoleon's grace. The archbishops and catholic church lost all their secular power in 1803. Q3: Who were the Prussian kings? A3: Kurfürst (Elector) Friedrich III was crowned first king Friedrich I in Königsberg in 1701, died 1712, his son was King Friedrich Wilhelm I, 1712-1740, intolerant, his son was King Friedrich II the Great (Old Fritz), 1740-1786, his nephew was King Friedrich Wilhelm II, 1786-1797, intolerant, his son was King Friedrich Wilhelm III, 1797-1840, his son was King Friedrich Wilhelm IV, 1840-1861, his brother was King Wilhelm I, 1861-1888, became Kaiser 1871, his son was Kaiser and King Friedrich III, 1888 (99 days), his son was Kaiser and King Wilhelm II, 1888-1918. Q4: What were the administrative areas of Westpreussen (West Prussia)? A4: Between 1824-1878 there was one Province of Prussia (Provinz Preussen) which later was divided into two provinces (Ostpreussen, Westpreussen) with capitals in Königsberg and Danzig, respectively. In 1815-1920 there were the following districts and Kreise (counties): Regierungsbezirk (district) of Danzig included the Kreise of Berent,Danzig-Stadt,*Danziger Höhe,Danziger Niederung, Dirschau,Elbing-Stadt,Elbing-Land,*Karthaus,Marienburg,*Neustadt, *Putzig, Preussisch-Stargard. (* marks the Kreise where the wendic tribe of the Kashoobs (Kashoubs) lived who speak a slavic dialect and who are mainly Catholic). Regierungsbezirk (district) of Marienwerder included the Kreise of Briesen,Deutsch-Krone,Flatow,Graudenz,Konitz,Kulm,Loebau, Marienwerder,Rosenberg,Schlochau,Schwetz,Strasburg,Stuhm,Thorn,Tuchel. Each Regierung was presided by the Regierungspräsident. The official Regierung announcements were published since 1816 in the weekly Amtsblatt which contained legal announcements, promotions, appointments (of judges, teachers, officials, professors), foreclosures, bankrupcies, auctions, medals and much more. Each Kreis was headed by the Landrat who presided over the Landratsamt. The Landratsamt records are deposited in Berlin and the Polish archives The Landrat was in charge of passport and emigrations matters and reported to the district Regierung who in turn gave data to the provincial Oberpräsidium in Danzig. The archives of the Danzig and Marienwerder districts are in Berlin and Gdansk today. These administrative areas were valid until 1920 when Westpreussen was divided into four parts: 1. The East was added to Ostpreussen as Reg.Bez.Westpreussen (Kreise Elbing, Marienburg, Marienwerder, Rosenberg, Stuhm), 2. The center was given to the new Poland without a referendum and was known as the Weichsel-Korridor 3. The West was incorporated into Germany as the Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen. (Kreise Deutsch-Krone,Flatow,Schlochau) 4. The Weichsel estuaries with its predominantly German speaking population were made into a new "free" state of Danzig under the supervision of the League of Nations, without a popular referendum: (Kreise Danzig, Danziger Höhe, Danziger Niederung, Grosses Werder) The splitting up of Westpreussen after WWI without a popular referendum carried the main seed for the outbreak of WWII. Gazetteers for all villages and towns were published by Verein für Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreussen in Hamburg in its Sonderschriften reprints Nr.47 (Danzig,1820), Nr.77 (Marienwerder,1820). Q5: What were the "old" administrative areas of West Prussia? A5: In 1806 the old administrative areas were II. Westpreussen with 915,935 Einwohner: 3.Westpreussisches Kammer-Departement included the Kreise of Marienwerder,Marienburg,Kulm,Michelau,Dirschau,Danzig,Stargard,Konitz. 4.Westpreussisches Kammer-Departement für den Netzdistrict included the Kreise of Bromberg,Inowraclaw,Kamin,Krone. The concept of Kreis was different in pre-1806 Prussia and referred to the Rittergut districts of the noble families ("Die Adeligen Kreise"). In addition, there were the Immediatstädte and the royal Domainen-ämter of the crownlands. The term "Regierung" referred to the judicial (court) system before 1806 and to the district administration after 1815, i.e. there were 4 parallel administrative systems in Prussia prior to 1806: Rittergüter, cities, crownlands, courts. This is important to understand, if researchers want to judge the relevance of records in the Berlin and Polish archives. For historical maps see Brandt-Goertz: Genealogical Guide to East and West Prussia, Minneapolis MN 2002. In 1796-1802 a detailed topographic survey map was produced under Friedrich Leopold Reichsfreiherr von Schrötter (1743 - 1815), Minister beim Generaldirektorium, since 1791 "Oberpra:sident von Ost- und Westpreussen" It is known under the title Textor-Schrötter-Engelhardt "Atlas von der Provinz Ostpreussen, Litauen und Westpreussen und dem Netzdistrikt" and contained 140 maps on a scale of 1:50,000 (shortly also known as the Schrötter-Karte). This Schrötter-Map has been revised and reprinted in 1978 : "Historisch-geographischer Atlas des Preussenlandes", Lieferung 6, Wiesbaden 1978, Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH http://www.steiner-verlag.de e-mail: email@example.com The Plankammer map collection in the Prussian State Privy Archives (XIV.HA) in Berlin-Dahlem contains 3565 maps for the Marienwerder District (Rep.181), among them many village maps, and has been inventarized by Winfried Bliss (Die Plankammer der Regierung Marienwerder:Spezialinventar 1670-1919, Böhlau-Verlag, Köln-Wien 1982). The maps often list peasant names, especially for the period around 1800. Q6: What were the court districts in Westpreussen before 1900? A6: The highest West Prussian court was the Oberlandesgericht in Marienwerder with records deposited at the Gdansk archives today. The lower courts (Landgerichte) and lowest courts (Amtsgerichte) were Landgericht Danzig with (9) Amtsgerichte: Berent,Danzig,Dirschau,Karthaus, Neustadt,Preussisch-Stargard,Putzig,Schöneck,Zoppot. Landgericht Elbing with (8) Amtsgerichte: Christburg,Elbing,Deutsch-Eylau, Marienburg,Riesenburg,Rosenberg,Stuhm,Tiegenhof. Landgericht Graudenz with (5) Amtsgerichte: Graudenz,Marienwerder,Mewe, Neuenburg,Schwetz. Landgericht Konitz with (9) Amtsgerichte: Baldenburg,Flatow,Pr.Friedland, Hammerstein,Konitz,Schlochau,Tuchel,Vandsburg,Zempelburg. Landgericht Thorn with (9) Amtsgerichte: Briesen,Gollub,Kulm,Kulmsee, Lautenburg,Loebau,Neumark,Strasburg,Thorn. The whereabouts of the records for the Landgerichte is unknown. The records of the Amtsgerichte are deposited at the Gdansk, Bydgoszcz, Elblag, Olsztyn, Szczecin, Torun archives today, or remained in the regional court archives. Of special interest are the land deed records (Grund- und Hypotheken-Acta) with no published survey known. These records usually start with a land title history (=tituli possessionis) going back 50 or more years from the beginning of the first deed book (1783). Legal basis for these land records is the Prussian Hypotheken-Ordnung of 1783 which initially applied to crownlands (Domainen) only.. The court at that time was called Domainen-Justiz-Amt (until 1806), Land- or Stadt-Gericht (1806-1849), Kreisgericht (1849-1879), Amtsgericht (after 1879). Land (sales and hereditary) contracts were negotiated, supervised and written-up by court-appointed Landgeschworene (land jurors) who also appraised (taxirten) the real estate and its contents (imo- und mobiliar). Prior to 1783 land contracts were written verbatim in triplicate by one hand and deposited usually with the seller, purchaser and the Dorfschulz (mayor). The Land reform changed the ownership structure of the rural populace which is reflected in the records of the General-Komission set up in 1812 for this purpose and a prime genealogical source available in the archives at Bydgoszcz. They are also to be found in state archives under the "Regierung" records and the keywords "Regulierung, Ablösung, Austuung" of the estates etc. Other court records are Erbrezesse, Erbvergleiche (probates), Pupillenakten (orphan records), last testaments and wills, Erbscheine. A remarriage of a widower/widow was always documented in the Amtsgericht stating in detail the estate rights of surviving children as well as rights and duties of parents and step parents. This is a source at the Amtsgericht which is widely unknown and untapped (and unfilmed by the LDS). If you are looking for records which describe the life and tribulations of your ancestors, you cannot miss looking at the court records. For more information see http://www.mmhs.org/prussia/mmhsgen3.htm A preliminary survey of the whereabouts of West Prussian court records is given in the table below: ================================= ============== ============ Sad Obwodowy/Krajowy Arch.Panstwowe period poz./vols. ---------------------------------- -------------- ------------ **Oberlandesgericht Marienwerder Gdansk 1772-1940 2467? =Landgericht Danzig - Gdansk ------ Gdansk 1866-1945 6665 Amtsgericht Berent - Koscierzyna Gdansk 1782-1920 3000 Amtsgericht Danzig - Gdansk Gdansk 1779-1934 38470 Amtsgericht Dirschau - Tczew Gdansk 1772-1918 6414 Amtsgericht Karthaus - Kartuzy Amtsgericht Neustadt - Weiherowo Gdansk 1784-1919 1350 Amtsgericht Pr.Stargard-Starogard Gd Gdansk 1782-1905 6 Amtsgericht Putzig - Puck Amtsgericht Schöneck - Skarszewy Gdansk 1824-1940 66 Amtsgericht Zoppot - Sopot Gdansk 1200 =Landgericht Elbing - Elblag ------ Amtsgericht Christburg - Dzierzgon Amtsgericht Elbing - Elblag Elblag 1772-1944 2575 Amtsgericht Deutsch Eylau - Ilawa Olsztyn 1622-1902 74 Amtsgericht Marienburg - Malbork Elblag 1772-1935 1508 Amtsgericht Riesenburg - Prabuty Olsztyn 1772-1907 138 Amtsgericht Rosenberg - Susz Olsztyn 1557-1913 124 Amtsgericht Stuhm - Sztum Elblag 1772-1944 10785 Amtsgericht Tiegenhof - Nowy Dwor Gd Elblag 1772-1944 ca.1520 =Landgericht Graudenz - Grudziadz - Amtsgericht Graudenz - Grudziadz Bydgoszcz 1831-1942 Amtsgericht Marienwerder - Kwidzyn Elblag 1842-1943 30 Amtsgericht Mewe - Gniew Amtsgericht Neuenburg - Nowe Bydgoszcz 1772-1944 Amtsgericht Schwetz - Swiecie Bydgoszcz 1772-1945 almost complete =Landgericht Konitz - Chojnice ---- Amtsgericht Baldenburg - Bialy Bor Szczecin Amtsgericht Flatow - Zlotow Koszalin 1894-1943 92? Amtsgericht Pr.Friedland - Debrzeno Szczecin 1901-1941? 1 Amtsgericht Hammerstein - Czarne Amtsgericht Konitz - Chojnice Bydgoszcz Amtsgericht Schlochau - Czluchow Koszalin 1901-1943? 3? Amtsgericht Tuchel - Tuchola Bydgoszcz? Amtsgericht Vandsburg - Wiecbork Bydgoszcz? Amtsgericht Zempelburg - Sepolno Kr. =Landgericht Thorn - Torun -------- Torun 1804-1915 19 Amtsgericht Briesen - Wabrzezno Torun Amtsgericht Gollub - Golub Gollub 1772?-1944 Amtsgericht Kulm - Chelmno Torun 1804-1944 Amtsgericht Kulmsee - Chelmza Torun 1820-1925 22 Amtsgericht Lautenburg - Lidzbark Olsztyn? Amtsgericht Loebau - Lubawa Olsztyn ? ? Amtsgericht Neumark-Nowy Miasto Lub Olsztyn 1872-1920 660 Amtsgericht Strasburg - Brodnica Torun 1881-1925 Amtsgericht Thorn - Torun Torun 1817-1921 2356 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ For research on estates the estate directories (Güteradre_b|cher) list the owners and economic information (acreage, lifestock etc.): Handbuch des Grundbesitzes im Deutschen Reiche. I. Das Königreich Preußen - Provinz Westpreußen 1st ed. Berlin 1880 2nd ed. Berlin 1885 3rd ed. Berlin 1894 4th ed. Berlin 1903 5th ed. Berlin 1909 Niekammers Landwirtschaftliches Güter-Adreßbuch. Band 2: Provinz Westpreußen 1st ed. Stettin 1903 2nd ed. Leipzig 1912 3rd ed. Leipzig 1922 (for Grenzmaork Posen-Westpr., Freistaat Danzig, RB Marienwerder) Q7: Are there secular records of interest to family researchers? A7: There are 2 types of records compiled periodically for the period of reign of Friedrich II (der alte Fritz) who ruled 1740-1786: 1) Praestations-Tabellen; and 2) Mahl-Listen >> Ad 1) There were 3 land sovereigns in West Prussia: A. The Towns and Cities: Die Städte (Kämmereigüter) B. The noble land lords: Die Adeligen Kreise (Rittergüter) C. The Crown (King): Die Königlichen Rent-Ämter/Intendanturen. Each land sovereign leased the land out to settlers in its own characteristic legal framework and tax system. As an example: The tax lists called Praestations-Tabellen compiled by the Domainen-Rentamt or Royal Amt would list the Emphyteuten by name of each village for the period 1773-1806, and 1819-ca.1850 on royal crown lands only. When I tried to search for Praestations-Tabellen in the Montau-Gruppe and Schönsee areas, I was able to find such lists for Montau, Kommerau, Treul etc., but not for Gruppe, Schönsee and the villages in the Culm region. I finally realized that the first group were Royal Amt villages, and the latter were villages on nobility or city lands for which Praestations-Tabellen never existed. The designation of the settlers also gives a clue of the land sovereign in question: Emphyteuten lived on crown land, Erbpächter, Hochzinsler, Erbfreie, Kölmer lived on non-crown lands. Which village belongs to which category may be found for the Danzig district in the "Uebersicht der Bestandtheile und Verzeichnis aller Ortschaften des Danziger Regierungs-Bezirks", Danzig 1820 (reprint Hamburg 1981) which gives the "Bezeichnung der Qualität" of each village. >> Ad 1) Praestations-Tabellen (PT) are land tax lists since about 1774 for West Prussia and since about 1723 for East Prussia and updated about every 6 years until 1806 and continued from 1819 to about 1850. They list land tenants on royal domaine lands (crownland) only, giving names and land size in H(ufen), M(orgen) and R(uten). No PTs exist for nobility land (adl.Rittergut) or city territories (Kämmereigut). The Kgl.(Royal) Domainen-Amt or Domainen-Rent-Amt administered and levied the tax (=Praestation). The Domainen-Amt districts were usually identical with the court districts (Amts-Gericht). After 1815 the domaine lands were sold to the tenants in instalments which was completed by about 1850. The new authority who handled the sales (=Ablösung) was the General-Kommission zu Bromberg. For later years the land records of the local Kataster-Amt (1861-) should be consulted. Rittergut ownership restriction to the nobility was lifted in 1867. The land units in PTs are given in H = culmische Hufe = ca.16.8 ha = 30 culmische Morgen = 9000 R, 1 culmischer Morgen = 300 R = 300 Ruten (square rods). >> Ad 2) Mahl-Listen or Mühlen Consignationen list all heads of family by name and number of women, sons, daughters, male and female servants. They indicate that everyone of age 12-60 was taxed by head for eating and milling grain, poor or rich alike. They were abolished in 1807 by the Stein-Hardenberg reforms. The AP Gdansk and AP Bydgoszcz probably have these lists among Aemtersachen records. For the Polish period prior to 1772 the records are limited to names of family heads for certain years. In 1772 King Friedrich II ("Old Fritz") ordered a "Landesaufnahme",also known as the "Contributions-Kataster" or "General-Consignation" of the new Westpreussen province listing all family heads by name. This was done in 1772/1773. Portions of this oldest census have been published at various places and the internet: http://www.odessa3.org/collections/land/wprussia/ Mr.Reuben Drefs has a copy of the Kontributions-Kataster of the Netze-Distrikt 1772-1773 and will do lookuops for a fee (firstname.lastname@example.org) A similar Prussian Landesaufnahme was done for South Prussia in 1793 and is deposited in the Warsaw state archives (AGAD). Mr.Reuben Drefs has a copy and will do lookups for a fee. (email@example.com) Q8: Is there a listserv for West Prussia family researchers? A8: There is a mailing list ow-preussen-l for East and West Prussia. To subscribe send text: subscribe ow-preussen-L to: firstname.lastname@example.org A more general list is PRUSSIA-ROOTS-L@rootsweb.com To subscribe send the word "subscribe" (without the quotes) as the only text in the body of a message to PRUSSIA-ROOTS-Lemail@example.com (mail mode) or PRUSSIA-ROOTS-Dfirstname.lastname@example.org (digest mode). Websites for German genealogy are http://www.genealogy.net/gene/reg/rindex.htm http://www.genealogy.net/gene/reg/WPRU/wprus.html http://www.adnc.com/web3/lynnd/gfaq.html http://www.germany.net/teilnehmer/100.110994/index.htm http://www.genealogy.net/gene/vereine/VFFOW/vffow.htm http://www.danzig.de http://www.westpreussen.de Stiftung Martin-Opitz-Bibliothek Herne. (formerly Bücherei des deutschen Ostens) e-mail: email@example.com http://w3g.med.uni-giessen.de/~geneal/kp/fome/andere/mob.html Herder -Institut Marburg e.V. Gisonenweg 5 - 7, 35037 Marburg/Lahn Telephon: 06421/184-0, Telefax: 184-139 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.... http://www.uni-marburg.de/herder-institut/bibliohp.html http://w3g.med.uni-giessen.de/~geneal/kp/fome/andere/herdermb.html http://www.uni-marburg.de/herder-institut/klassi.html Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin. Archivstrasse 12-14 D-14195 Berlin (Dahlem) Tel.: (030) 839 01141 Fax: (030) 839 011 80 http://www.gsta.spk-berlin.de email: email@example.com http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/prmss/orte/berlgsas.html http://dg3.chemie.uni-konstanz.de/~stuebs/pommern/Archive/berli-geh-st* http://members.aol.com/genpoland/genpolen.htm For those who are interested in the holdings of the Privy State Archives in Berlin-Dahlem here are their main groups (HA = Haupt-Abteilungen) of records: HA I. Die sogenannten alten und neuen Reposituren (1400 - 1808- 1947) II Generaldirektorium (1723 - 1808) Abt. 7: Ostpreussen & Litauen Abt. 9: Westpreußen & Netze-Distrikt Abt.10: Südpreusen Abt.11: Neu-Ostpreussen IIl. Ministerium der auswärtigen Angelegenheiten IV. Heeresarchiv (mostly destroyed in 1945) V. Königreich Westphalen VI. Staatsvertrdge VII. Urkunden VIII Siegel, Wappen, Genealogie IX. Bilder X. Brandenburg XI. Karten XII. (Amts-) Drucksachen XIII Filme XIV. Westpreussen XV. Pommern XVI. Posen XVII Schlesien XVIII Sachsen XIX. Grenzmark Posen - Westpreussen XX. Historisches Staatsarchiv Königsberg The Berlin Records of II.HA (General-Direktorium) include Westpreussen und Netze-Distrikt (Abt.9) for the time period of 1772-1808 which are divided into a. Bestallungs-, Kassen- und Etatssachen 1714-1808 (Government Appointments, Budgets etc.), 1 vol. Findbuch. b. Materien 1772 - 1808 (many topics, divided into "Titel" numbers) with 2 vols. of Findbücher c. 1.Ämtersachen und 2.Ämterverpachtungssachen, 1772 - 1806 with an alphabetic listing of Ämter.. This part is separated into Westpreußen and Netze-Distrikt, then again each into "Generalia, Mühlen-Sachen, Brau- und Krug-Sachen,Remissions-Sachen". Findbücher, 3 vols d. Städte-Sachen, 1699 - 1810, 3 vols. Findbücher, in alphabetical order of cities and towns. Sections b. and c. very likely contain Praestations-Tabellen, 1787-1806. For c.1."Ämtersachen of Westpreußen" see "Genealogical Guide to East and West Prussia", page 108-110. Evang. Zentralarchiv Berlin. http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/eza http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/eza/eza3e.htm Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Listing of Lutheran churches: http://paris.chem.yale.edu/zondlo/wpru-ev.html Genealogical sources: http://www.feefhs.org/s&f/kbak-ae.html Sources A-E http://www.feefhs.org/s&f/kbak-fg.html Sources F-G http://www.feefhs.org/s&f/kbak-hk.html Sources H-K http://www.feefhs.org/s&f/kblz-lo.html Sources L-O http://www.feefhs.org/s&f/kblz-ps.html Sources P-S http://www.feefhs.org/s&f/kblz-tz.html Sources T-Z http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/German_Genealogy/kbak.htm http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/German_Genealogy/kblz.htm If you have no access to the Web (www), you can direct web files to your email box by sending a request to email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org with the message HELP or get http://..... Q9: How do I find locations and maps for Westpreussen before 1945? A9: An atlas is usually not the best tool to locate small towns or villages. Maps of scales 1:25,000 (Messtischblatt) or 1:100,000 (Karte des Deutschen Reiches and Kreiskarten) and gazetteers (Ortsverzeichnis) are. The best German gazetteer is Meyers Orts- and Verkehrslexikon des Deutschen Reiches,1912 edition, which is available on microfiche in the LDS Family History Centers and gives info on parish, Kreis, Standesamt, court, post office etc. on all German locations. There is LDS microfilm #068814 available of Karte des Deutschen Reiches, scale 1:100000, 1km = 1cm which may be loaned thru the LDS Family History Centers. It covers Germany for 1914-1917. Topographical Maps (Messtischblätter 1:25000) may also be purchased from Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie Richard-Strauss-Allee 11 60958 Frankfurt am Main, Germany E-mail: email@example.com http://www.bkg.bund.de/GI/Shop/index.html For maps for sale in the US see also http://www.genealogyunlimited.com see also http://w3g.med.uni-giessen.de/gene/gifs/maps/ For German-Polish place name dictionary, see http://www.calle.com/world/poland/index.html http://www.atsnotes.com/other/gerpol.html http://web.nstar.net/~dwat6911/former.htm Q10: What books discuss hints and sources for East German searchers? A10: Wegweiser für Forschung nach Vorfahren aus den Ostdeutschen und Sudetendeutschen Gebieten sowie aus den deutschen Siedlungsräumen in Mittel-,Ost- und Südosteuropa (AGoFF-Wegweiser): Verlag Degener &Co, 91413 Neustadt, Germany (1991 and later) (The out-of-print English edition is being revised presently) Germanic Genealogy (by Edward R.Brandt et alii), 2nd edition. 1997, St.Paul MN, 517 pp.,1st edition, 1995. W.Krallert: Atlas zur Geschichte der deutschen Ostsiedlung, Velhagen &Klasing, Bielefeld-Berlin-Hannover 1958. The "Bibliographie der Geschichte von Ost- und Westpreussen" by Ernst Wermke, 4 vols.,is the most complete bibliography which includes genealogical publications. Vol.1:Aalen 1962 (publications prior to 1929) Vol.2:Aalen 1964 (publications 1930-1938) Vol.3:Bonn-Bad Godesberg 1974 (publications 1939-1970) Vol.4:Marburg 1974 (publications 1971-1974) Altpreussische Biographie/ hrsg. im Auftrage der Historischen Kommission für ost- und westpreussische Landesforschung von Christian Krollmann, fortgesetzt von Kurt Forstreuter und Fritz Gause. Marburg/Lahn 1941-. Bd 1: Abegg - Malten. 1941. Bd 2: Maltitz - Z. 1967. Bd 3: Ergänzungen zu Bd 1 und 2. 1975 . Bd 4: hrsg. ... von Ernst Bahr , Gerd Brauch. 1995. Register zu den Bänden I-IV /bearb. von Achim Breuer, Gerd Brausch. 1995. Q11: How many Mennonites lived in Westpreussen (West Prussia)? A11: Since Mennonites enjoyed certain privilegia from the days of the Polish kings which were also honored by the Prussian kings, the authorities counted them carefully. Here are some statistics from censuses for West Prussia: (see Mennonite Life, April 1969 p.83-86 for details) district 1816 1821 1831 1843 1852 1861 1871 1880 1890 1900 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Westpreussen: Danzig 9177 9028 8859 8765 8782 8485 8298 7979 7937 7863 Marienwerder 3320 3238 3194 3046 3218 2683 2403 2369 2137 2075 Kingdom 14954 15079 14756 14313 14780 13725 14040 13849 13833 13876 Q12: Is there a website which has Prussian Mennonnite records posted? A12: Consult the website of the Manitoba Mennonite Historical Society: http://www.mmhs.org/mmhs/mmhsgen.htm Q13: Where can I get information on archives in Poland? A13: Consult the websites http://www.man.poznan.pl/~bielecki/geninfo6.htm http://ciuw.warman.net.pl/alf/archiwa/ http://pgsa.org/archives_eng.htm see also: C.Biernat: Archiwum Panstwowe w Gdansku (Guide to pre-1945 holdings of the Gdansk State Archives), Warsaw-Lodz 1992, 541 pp. A German tranlation was published by Oldenbourg-Verlag, München. Q14: What was the religion of people in Westpreussen (West Prussia)? A14: In 1890 the population was 47% Evangelical, 50.7% Catholic, 1.3% Jewish. Q15: What were the land measurements in Prussia? A15: The land measurements in some areas before 1815 were based on the Culm units: 1 culm.Hufen = 30 culm.Morgen (= ca.16.8 ha = ca.41.5 acres) 1 culm.Morgen = 300 culm.Ruten (QRuten = sqRods) = ca.1.383 acres After 1815 the prevailing measurements were the Magdeburg units: 1 preuss.Hufen = 30 preuss.Morgen (= ca.7.66 ha = ca.18.9 acres) 1 preuss.Morgen = 180 preuss.Ruten(QRuten = sqRods) = ca.0.632 acres Q16: How do you pronounce place names? A16: Here is a sampling of phonetic transcription: Danzig = DUNN-tsick Marienwerder = mar-ree-en-VER-der Marienburg = maa-REE-en-burg (platt:MAR-yen-burg) Graudenz = GROU-dents Culm = COOLM Preussen = PROIS-sen Tiegenhof = tee-ghen-HOF Thorn = TORN Westpreussen = WEST-prois-sen Q17: What were the classes of country people before 1900? A17: Here are some samples found in the records: Arbeitsmann = (non-farm) laborer Bauer = term after about 1850 for farmer owning at least 1 Hufe (=16.8 ha) and less than 500 Morgen of land. Deputant = regular long-term married land laborer paid in kind (Deputat) like grain, potatoes, firewood, lodging, pasture use for cow-pigs-sheep,little cash. Hired usually "auf Martini" on November 11 or on April 1 and on 3 or 6 months notice to quit; see Gutstagelöhner Einlieger, freier Tagelöhner, Knecht = independent land-less laborer, paid in cash, usually VERY poor. Einwohner = same as Emphyteut, Nachbar, or Bauer (pre-1850). Eleve = Trainee, Apprentice on a Gut. Emphyteut = hereditary tenant on royal Amt land (West Prussia only) Gespannknecht, Gespannführer = horse team (of 4) driver/manager Gutsbesitzer = modern term after about 1850 for large estate farmer (more than 500 Morgen). Hakenbüdner,Höker = store owner/tenant selling everyday supplies which are displayed on hooks from walls and ceiling Hausgesinde = unmarried servants, maids in the house of the landlord, subject to the Gesindeordnung of 1810 (until 1918), usually on duty 24 hours a day, little free time (Sunday afternoon or for church) Instleute, Leute , same as Deputant, Gutstagelöhner Kätner,Katner = owner of small shack (Kate), independent laborer paid in cash, see Einlieger; usually poor Krüger,Krugpächter = tenant of inn (Krug) or pub or pharmacy owned and licensed by king or noble landlord Kutscher = personal driver of the horse carriage Gutsbeamter, Kämmerer = salaried Hof administrator of the granary, finances Nachbar = member of group (Nachbarschaft) leasing land from landlord Pächter = tenant. Rendant = Bookkeeper, Accountant on a Gut Rittergutsbesitzer = owner of large medieval (formerly noble) estate Schänker, Schankwirt = Krüger Scharwerker, see Gutstagelöhner Gutstagelöhner = long-term land laborer earning daily wage in kind (Deputat),some cash. He had to supply 1 or 2 "subworkers", the Scharwerker, usually his adult children; see Instmann, Deputant His wife had to work for extra cash when needed during harvest, milking, on laundry day, on butchering day; He was part of the Gesinde prior to 1918 with strict working rules, non-unionizing, long working hours (dawn-to-dusk) Stellmacher = woodworksman for carpentry, manufacturing, repairing wagons, agricultural implements etc. Reference: Max Weber: Die Lage der Landarbeiter im ostelbischen Deutschland (1892), Mohr (Paul Siebeck), Tübingen, 1984; ISBN 3-16-544862-0 (very detailed account for 19th century by provinces) A18: Civil registers of births,marriages,deaths were introduced in October of 1874. The Civil registry office is called Standesamt. Before this time, the Lutheran church records (1815-1874) or special Dissidenten-Register (1847-1874) served as official registers, and a duplicate copy was deposited at the local court (Amtsgericht). Most Standesamt (Polish: Urzed Stanu Cywilnego) records remained in the old offices and were taken over by the Polish authorities in 1945. They are listed in the Gazetteer of Polish People's Republic Localities. The full title is SPIS MIEJSCOWOSCI POLSKIEJ RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ LUDOWEJ, published in Warsaw 1968, and on LDS microfilm #844,922. Prior to 1874, the church records (Kirchenbücher) of the official churches (Evangelic and catholic) served as recognized documents for the purpose of proving one's birth, marriage, and death and had to meet certain standards of accuracy and completeness. Members of minor (unregcognised) churches had to record their vital statistics with the pastor of the official churches. Q19: Are there links to dictionaries on the web? A19: Links to online foreign language dictionaries: http://dict.leo.org/dict/dictionaries.html http://www.ectaco.com/online Q20: Where do I look for emigration records? A20: see: Learned, Marion Dexter, 1857-1917: Guide to the manuscript materials relating to American history in the German state archives, Washington, D.C., Carnegie Institution of Washington. Publication no. 150 , 1912, 352 p.: -also Kraus Reprints, NY 1965- p.87-91: StA Danzig (AP Gdansk) For an update addition see Danzig-Staatsarchiv, bearbeitet by Dr.Smolka (LOC manuscript collection, 14 pp.,n.d.) Another source for emigrants and non-emigrants alike is the large Westpreussen-File or Westpreussen-Kartei with presently about 380,000 name entries. Data include sources. No fee, but postage reimbursement (about $5) is a must. Inquiries should include name(s) and location(s), if known. This file has not been published or filmed. Address: Dieter God Schorlemmerskamp 20 44536 Luenen, Germany. Q21: Is there a genealogical society specializing in this area? A21: The Verein für Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreussen was established in 1924 in Königsberg and was reestablished after WWII in Hamburg. It publishes the annual Altpreussische Geschlechterkunde and Familienarchiv as well as a series of Sonderschriften of sources. Annual membership with foreign address is DM 90. http://www.genealogy.net/gene/vereine/VFFOW/vffow.htm Application for membership and ordering of publications may be directed to Frau Elisabeth Meier Postfach 11 05 39 46125 Oberhausen, Germany email: VFFOW@MAIL.EICS.COM Computers: firstname.lastname@example.org Q22: What information is available on ethnic cleansing? A22: The ethnic cleansing was decided between Stalin and Roosevelt at the summit conference in Teheran in 1943 against the objection of Churchill. At the Teheran conference * Stalin sought "security belt": Baltics, Poland, partition of Germany - said he would not annex Finland but the Finns needed to be "taught a lesson" and would take out reparations * FDR in private talks with Stalin agreed to a Curzon line for Poland in the east and moving the German border back to the Oder, and agreed some transfer of population would be necessary "on a voluntary basis" to allow Russia to take back Ukraine and Belorussia from Poland * FDR proposed dismemberment of Germany into 5 smaller parts (surprised Churchill) and Stalin wanted to take part of East Prussia to get the warm water Baltic port of Ko:nigsberg (became Kaliningrad) * FDR willing to accomodate Stalin - Churchill isolated - Stalin joked at dinner that Churchill was soft on Germany and that it may be necessary to execute 50,000 German officers; Churchill replied that he would never agree to such "barbarous acts" but FDR joked that perhaps 49,000 would do. Years later Churchill remarked,"we slaughtered the wrong pig". The "voluntary" population transfer during 1944-1948 involved more than 12 millions of Germans being expelled from their homeland and was mostly ignored by the Western media. (The most ruthless trio of WWII were Stalin,Hitler,and Roosevelt.) There have been some calls recently for books in English on the German expulsion and ethnic cleansing in East Germany and Eastern Europe: Background: At the Tehran Summnit in November 1943 between the USA (Roosevelt), the Soviet Union (Stalin) and the UK (Churchill), the Soviet Union (Stalin) and the USA (Roosevelt) conspired that the Soviet Union should annex the Northern part of East Prussia (Königsberg region) and that the German population should be "resettled" (i.e.expelled) from the eastern areas of Germany. These areas included German settlements since the 1200s. Churchill did not take part in this conspiracy and voiced his reservation and opposition, to no avail. The United Nations Charta of 1945 promotes respect for human rights and forbids annexations of areas against the will of the people. It turns out that the USA was not interested to honor this charta, but rather used the UNO to manipulate the organization for her own political goals and apply double standards whenever it was suitable, even to this day. The hope of the Prussian refugees that their homeland and property would be restored by the UNO has not been honored. . Thorwald, Jurgen: Es begann an der Weichsel. 1951 Das Ende an der Elbe. 1952. English: Flight in the winter; [New York] Pantheon  318 p. 22 cm. CALL #: 940.542 T52F De Zayas, Alfred M. Anmerkungen zur Vertreibung der Deutschen aus dem Osten. English: The German expellees : victims in war and peace/ Alfred-Maurice De Zayas ; [original German version translated by John A. Koehler]. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1993. xlii, 177 p.,  p. of plates : ill., map ; 22 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. -169) and index. CALL #: DJK 28.G4D413 1993 De Zayas, Alfred M. Anmerkungen zur Vertreibung der Deutschen aus dem Osten. English: A terrible revenge : the "ethnic cleansing" of the east European Germans, 1944-1950 / Alfred-Maurice de Zayas ; [original German version translated by John A. Koehler]. 1st pbk. ed. with additions. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1994. xlii, 179 p. : ill., maps ; 21 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. -171) and index. CALL #: DJK 28.G4D413 1994 De Zayas, Alfred M. "Die Wehrmacht-Untersuchungsstelle - Dokumentation alliierter Kriegsverbrechen im Zweiten Weltkrieg" 1979, ISBN 3-8004-1051-6 (6th edition, 1998). English edition: "The Wehrmacht War Crimes Bureau, 1939-1945 - Documentation of Allied War Crimes in WWII" Nebraska University Press,1989, Paperbound, 364 pages, bibliography, index, photographs, ISBN: 0-8032-9908-7 De Zayas, Alfred M. "Anglo-American responsibility for the expulsion of the Germans 1945-48". "A legal analysis of ethnic cleansing", in Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe, co-edited by Steven Vrdy, and Hunt Tooley, Columbia University Press, New York 2003. OTHER ENTRIES: Germans Europe, Eastern History 20th century. World War, 1939-1945 Refugees. World War, 1939-1945 Atrocities. Population transfers Germans. Schieder, Theodor, Editor: "Dokumentation der Vertreibung der Deutschen aus Ost-Mitteleuropa" Vol. 1: Territories east of the Oder-Neisse line Vol. 2: Ungarn (Hungary) Vol. 3: Ruma:nien (Rumania) Vol. 4: Czechoslovakia published by the "Federal Ministry for Expellees, Refugees, and War Victims in Bonn .(Printed by Rautenberg in Leer, Ostfriesland). English Edition: "Documents on the Expulsion of the Germans from Eastern-Central-Europe". 4 Volumes in 3 c. 1949 First ed. 1304 pp. (Mammoth collection of eye-witness reports of atrocities committed by Russian troops and others during and after WWII) Bacque, James: Crimes and Mercies - The Fate of German Civilians under Allied Occupation, 1944-1950, 288 pp. Warner Books, London 1997, ISBN 07515-2277-5 Redrawing Nations, Ethnic Cleansing in East-Central Europe, 1944-1948 Edited by Philipp Ther und Ana Siljak Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2001. Harvard Cold War Studies Book Series. "Die Vertreibung der deutschen Bevölkerung aus den Gebieten östlich der Oder-Neisse", Bundesministerium für Vertriebene, Flüchtlinge und Kriegsgeschädigte, 1954/60 1993 edition by Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg, 3 vols., (ISBN 3-89350-547-4). http://www.rollenhagen.de/Pommern/maps/saatzig.htm http://members.tripod.com/~radde/FlightDanzig.html http://members.tripod.com/~radde/ProcessExpulsionStolp.html http://members.tripod.com/~radde/Prologue.html http://www.meaus.com/Expulsion_of_Germans.html http://www.codoh.com/incon/incontrans.html http://www.rautenberg-druck.de/Buch.html The Federal archives in Bayreuth has compiled the most detailed documentation on the German ethnic cleansing from Eastern Germany and Easteren Europe. Address: Bundesarchiv Bayreuth Postfach 5025 95424 Bayreuth Ph.: 0921-57087 The following material is available for research and copying: 1. Gemeindeseelenlisten (name lists), incl. village maps comprising 15568 population lists for 12083 towns and villages, 7745 village maps for 6750 communities. 2. Ost-Dokumentation - Fragebogenberichte (Gemeindeschicksalsberichte) zur Dokumentation der Vertreibung der Deutschen aus Ostmitteleuropa und aus den deutschen Siedlungsgebieten in Südosteuropa (Questionaires on ethnic cleansing) - Erlebnisberichte zur Dokumentation der Vertreibung der Deutschen aus Ostmittel- und Südeuropa (First hand reports on ethnic cleansing) - Erhebungsbögen (Auswertungsbögen) der Dokumentation der Vertreibungsverbrechen (Evaluation on crimes against refugees) - Unterlagen der Flucht über die Ostsee (Flight via the Baltic sea) - Dokumentation über das Leben deutscher Flüchtlinge in Dänemark (Refugee life in Denmark) - Berichte über das Leben der deutschen Volksgruppen jenseits der östlichen und südöstlichen Reichsgrenzen (Reports on life in German communities outside Germany) - Berichte von Persönlichkeiten des Oeffentlichen Lebens aus den Gebieten östlich von Oder und Neisse zum Zeitgeschehen 1919-1945 (Reports by public figures from areas east of Oder and Neisse on life during 1919-1945) - Berichte über Verwaltung und Wirtschaft in den Gebieten östlich von Oder und Neisse sowie in Böhmen und Mähren (Reports on administration and business in the areas east of Oder and Neisse as well as Bohemia and Moravia). For refugee camps in Denmark see: Henrik Havrehed, Die Deutschen Flüchtlinge in Dänemark 1945-1949, Heide 1989; Arne Gammelgaard, Treibholz. Deutsche Flüchtlinge in Dänemark 1945-1949, Varde-Museum 1993, ISBN 87-89834-07-0; Leif Guldmann Ipsen, Menschen hinter Stacheldraht. Flüchtlingslager Oksbol 1945-1949, Blavandshuk Engsmuseum 2002, ISBN 87-89834-43-7 If you have property claims to your ancestral home or farm in Prussia which was lost due to ethnic cleansing in 1945, you may want to consider purchasing shares (EUR 50 minimum for one share) of "Preussische Treuhand - Prussian Claims Inc." Preussische Treuhand - Prussian Claims Inc. Q23: What information is available at GStAPK in Berlin-Dahlem? A23: The Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz (GStAPK) in Berlin-Dahlem is the central archives of Prussia. The older records (1772-1808) are deposited in HA.II Generaldirektorium, Abt.9 Westpreußen und Netzedistrikt. Later records are deposited in HA XIV and are summarized as follows: Rep. 8 Auswärtige Bischöfe (Bistum Leslau) Rep. 14 Wojewodschaftsgerichte (Starosteigericht Christburg) Rep. 56 Bischof und kirchliche Behörden des Bistums Ermland Rep. 65 Kirchengemeinden und Pfarrämter (Kathol.Kirche zu Christburg) Rep. 74 Konsistorium zu Danzig Rep. 103 Kreisgerichte, -Deputationen bzw. -Kommissionen (Graudenz, Kulm, Lissewo, Marienwerder, Thorn) Rep. 117 Amtsgerichte und Kreisgerichte (Berent, Danzig, Deutsch Krone, Elbing, Graudenz, Karthaus, Konitz, Löbau, Marienburg i.Wpr., Marienwerder, Neustadt i. Wpr., Rosenberg i.Wpr., Schlochau, Strasburg) Rep. 131 Kriegs- und Domänenkammer zu Marienwerder Rep. 134 Kriegs- und Domänenkammerkommission bzw. Kriegs- und Domänenkammerdeputation zu Bromberg Rep. 144 Landrätlicher Kreis Deutsch Krone Rep. 145 Domänenämter und Intendanturen, später Domänenrentämter (Berent, Brück, Czersk, Friedrichsbruch, Kulmsee, Marienwerder, Neuenburg, Neumark, Oliva, Rehden, Schvneck, Schwetz, Rep. 148 Deichinspektion zu Marienwerder Rep. 162 Oberpräsident der Provinz Westpreußen Rep. 163 Provinzialschulkollegium zu Danzig Rep. 180 Regierung zu Danzig Rep. 181 Regierung zu Marienwerder Rep. 182 Bezirksausschuß für den Regierungsbezirk Danzig Rep. 183 Bezirksrat / Bezirksausschuß für den Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder Rep. 184 - 193 Landratsämter bzw. Kreisausschüsse des Regierungsbezirks Danzig (Berent, Danziger Niederung, Dirschau, Karthaus, Neustadt, Putzig, Preu_isch-Stargard) Rep. 194 - 208 Landratsämter bzw. Kreisausschüsse des Regierungsbezirks Marienwerder (Briesen, Graudenz, Konitz, Kulm, Löbau, Marienwerder, Rosenberg, Schwetz, Strasburg, Thorn und Tuchel) Rep. 209 Polizeipräsidium zu Danzig Rep. 214 Strafanstalt zu Mewe Rep. 217 Forstwege-Bauamt zu Konitz Rep. 224 Kreisschulinspektion zu Zempelburg Rep. 225 Schulen (Lokalschulinspektion zu Kokotzko, Gewerbeschule zu Graudenz, Militärblindenunterrichtsanstalt zu Marienwerder) Rep. 226 a Steuerveranlagungskommissionen (Stadt Danzig, Stadt Graudenz, Kreis Berent) Rep. 226 b Einkommenssteuer-Berufungskommissionen der Regierungsbezirke Danzig bzw. Marienwerder Rep. 227 Katasterämter der Regierungsbezirke Danzig bzw. Marienwerder (Briesen, Graudenz, Karthaus, Konitz, Lautenburg, Löbau, Neuenburg, Neumark, Schwetz, Preußisch Stargard, Strasburg, Thorn, Tuchel, Stuhm, Zempelburg) Rep. 229 ForstbehOrden (Oberförstereien Czersk, Deutschheide, Lonkorsz und Philippi; Forstkasse Skurz) Rep. 231 Wasserbauämter (Danzig, Dirschau, Elbing) Rep. 234 Meliorationsverwaltung (Meliorationsbauamt Marienwerder, Wiesenverwaltung Czersk) Re: The A:mter-Verpachtungs-Sachen Westpreussen in the Prussian State Privy Archives: Accordung to Herbert Po:ppel the Ämter leases (including some pre-1807 Praestations-Tabellen) are listed in the Findbuch Inventary at GStAPK in Berlin-Dahlem under II.HA - Generaldirektorium, Abt.9 Westpr.u. Netzedistrikt. (Westpr. Kriegs- und Domainenkammer zu Marienwerder), Ämter-Verpachtungs-Sachen (S. 683 - 759) . - Verpachtung des Amts: Bahrenhoff, Nr.1 (1775 - 1782), ad 1 (1776) Baldenburg, Nr.1-3 (1775 - 1806) Behrend, Nr.1- ad 3 (1775 - 1804) Baldenburg, Nr.1-3 (1775 - 1806) Behrend, Nr.1- ad 3 (1775 - 1804) Bordszichow, Nr.1- ad 4 (1776 - 1805) Brattian, Nr.1-3 (1776 - 1802) Brück, Nr.1-4 (1776 - 1803) Carthaus, Nr.1-6 (1776 - 1805) Christburg, Nr.1-3 (1776 - 1805) Culm, Nr.1-4 (1776 - 1806) Culmsee, Nr.1-4 (1776 - 1805) Czichoczin, Nr.1- ad 1 (1776 - 1782) Dirschau, Nr.1-3 (1775 - 1782) Engelsburg, Nr.1-3 (1776 - 1804) Friedrichsbruch,Nr.1-2 (1801 - 1806) Gollup, Nr.1- ad 3 (1776 - 1801) Graudenz, Nr.1- ad 3 (1776 - 1804) Hammerstein, Nr.1- ad 2 (1776 - 1792) Jasziennik, Nr.1- ad 1 (1776 - 1782) Komorz, Nr.1- ad 1 (1776 - 1782) Kowalewo, Nr.1- ad 1 (1776 - 1782) Krotoschin, Nr.1-2 (1776 - 1783) Kyschau, Nr.1- ad 3 (1775 - 1805) Lautenburg, Nr.1-3 (1776 - 1806) Lippincken, Nr.1-5 (1776 - 1806) Loebau, Nr.1-4 (1776 - 1796) , Longorrek, Nr.1, ad 1 ,ad 2 - ad 3 (1776 - 1805) Marienburg, Nr.1, ad 1, ad , ad 4 u. 5 - 5 (1776 - 1806) Marienwerder, Nr.1, ad 10 -13 (1714 - 1806) Mewe, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - 3 (1775 - 1805) Mirschau, Nr.1, ad 1 - ad 2 (1776 - 1802) Münsterwalde, Nr.1, ad 1 - 3 (1777 - 1791) Neuenburg, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - ad 3 (1775 - 1805) Oliva, Nr.1, ad 1 , ad 4 - ad 5 (1776 - 1806) Ossiek, Nr.1, ad 1 (1776 - 1782) Ostrowitt, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2,3 A, 3B, ad 3 B (1777 - 1816) Parchau. Nr.1, ad 1, (1776 - 1782) Pelplin, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - ad 3 (1776 - 1806) Przydworsz, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - ad 3 (1776 - 1797) Putzig, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2, ad 3, ad 3 u .4 (1776 - 1805) Rehden, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - 3 (1776 - 1806) Riesenburg, Nr.1, ad 5, ad 6 - ad 7 (1728 - 1803) Roggenhausen, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2, ad 3 ,ad 4 (1776 - 1806) Schlochau, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 3, ad 4, ad 5 (1776 -1804) Schoenek, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 ,ad 3 (1775 - 1812) Schwetz, Nr.1, ad 1, ad2 , ad3 - ad 4 (1776 - 1806) Sobbowitz, Nr.1, ad 1, ad2 , ad3 (1775 - 1804) Stargard, Nr.1, ad 1 - ad 2 (1775 - 1811) Starzyn, Nr.1, ad 1, 2, 2a, ad 2a, 2b, 3,4 (1776 - 1806) Strasburg, Nr.1, ad 1 - ad 3 (1776 - 1806) Straszewo, Nr.1, ad 1 (1776 - 1782) Stuhm, Nr.1, 2a, 2b, ad 3 - ad 4 (1776 - 1806) Thiegenhoff, Nr.1, ad 1 - 3 (1776 - 1804) Tolkemit, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - ad 3 (1776 - 1808) Tuchel, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 , ad 3 - ad 4 (1776 - 1804) Unislaw, Nr.1, ad 1 - 4 (1776 - 1806) Weisshoff, Nr.1, ad 1, ad 2 - ad 3 (1776 - 1802) Zlotterie, Nr.1, ad 1 (1776 - 1782) (Additional listing of Ämtersachen in West Prussia, including Mahllisten in Berlin-Dahlem for 1774-1806, may be found in the "Genealogical Guide to East and West Prussia", revised edition, pages 108-110)